Stomatology

Stomatology

Stomatology is a medical discipline that is concerned with mouth disorders and diseases. Stomatology is also considered an umbrella term as it includes knowledge on the teeth with an emphasis on mouth related diseases. A stomatologist can either be a medical doctor, a dental medical doctor or a dentist.

Types of mouth disorders:

Oral Cancer

Oral cancer develops on two different stages starting with the blooming of abnormal carcinoma cells, then moving to the growth of mouth sores that remain there. These mouth lesions can appear anywhere in different areas of the oral cavity and can be extremely risky if not treated.

Gingival Atrophy

Gingival atrophy is when your gums begin to migrate along the tooth surface to leave them exposed. This often causes teeth sensitivity to food and substances.

Dental Erosion

Dental erosion also referred to as enamel erosion, erosive wear, or tooth erosion occurs when there is a loss or wear of dental hard tissue due to acidic substances and not bacteria. Soft drinks, particularly carbonated sodas and sports drinks, appear to be a significant cause of this condition.

Cracked Tooth Syndrome

Cracked tooth syndrome is a result of bruxomania which is the habit of purposelessly grinding one’s teeth, especially during sleep, causing an internal crack in the teeth.

A tooth crack is usually difficult to see but can cause extreme pain when biting down at the right angle. However, a minor tooth crack typically does not cause pain. Common treatments include indirect restorations.

Dental Plaque & Calculus

Dental plaque or oral biofilm is a soft sticky film forming on the teeth surface that has millions of bacteria. This bacteria film accumulates when substances containing refined carbohydrates (starches and sugars) are not cleaned. Once plaque hardens, it turns into tartar or calculus which in turn can lead to tooth decay if not treated.

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