Otorhinolaryngology (ENT) is a medical discipline that focuses on diagnosis and treatment (medical and surgical) of diseases and dysfunctions in head, neck, nose and throat in all age groups.
Otorhinolaryngology deals with a wide range of disorders ranging from those that can be treated with medications, such as chronic sniffles and sinusitis, to tumors of head and neck region. Moreover, the surgical procedures for diseases of the nose that cause difficulty breathing as well as cosmetic concerns are also carried out at this department both to treat the condition and to ensure a more aesthetic look .
Disorders Diagnosed and Treated at Otorhinolaryngology Department
- Ear diseases
- Hearing loss
- Ear (external, middle and inner ear) infections
- Dizziness and balance disorders (vertigo etc.)
- Smell disorders
- Chronic epistaxis
- Nose allergies
- Nasal congestion
- Problems related to appearance of nose
- Acute and chronic sinusitis
- Swallowing disorders
- Nasal polyp
- Diseases of vocal cords
- Vocal cord polyps
- Voice impairments
- Lacrymal gland obstructions
- Thyroid nodules
- Thyroid cancer
- Congenital neck masses
- All cancers of head and neck region
- Inflammation and hypertrophy of tonsil and adenoid
Audiology deals with diagnosis and treatment of hearing and balance disorders. As an integral part of Otorhinolaryngology department, audiology unit deals with routine measurement and follow-up of hearing levels, starting at neonatal period. Audiology is a crucial unit that supports the Otorhinolaryngology department for diagnosis and treatment of hearing loss as well as dizziness and balance impairments, speech disorders and voice disorders.
What is Cochlear Implant?
Cochlear implants, also called bionic ears, restore the hearing for individuals who are deaf, who can no longer be helped with hearing aids and who have sensorineural hearing loss.
Conventional hearing aids make the sound carried to the ear louder and reinforce the ability to hear. Cochlear implants, on the other hand, solve the problem in turning the sounds that reach to the ear into a signal due to a neural problem.
In a healthy individual, the sound that reaches to the ear is transmitted to the middle ear through the external acoustic canal. The sound waves reach the tympanic membrane in the middle ear, making the three small bones in middle ear oscillate. Those movements form a pressure wave and they are transmitted into the inner ear; next, the wave reaches the structure called cochlea in the inner ear. The cochlear cells convert these pressure waves to electric signals and transmit them to the brain through the auditory nerve. Cochlear implant is a quite effective and comfortable method of treating hearing loss caused by a failure in this mechanism.
Basically, a cochlear implant consists of three pieces: a microphone functioning as the ear, an implant that converts the sounds into a signal and electrodes that carry the signals produced by the implant.
The most suitable candidates of bionic ear are newborn infants and children with hearing loss and adults suffering severe hearing loss due to impaired nerve conduction. The advantages of this device will be limited for individuals with underdeveloped language and speech.
Healing of surgical wound takes approximately a month after the processor part and electrodes of cochlear implant are surgically placed. Next, the microphone of cochlear implant is fixed to the skin immediately behind the ear and adjustments are made for the patient. The cochlear implant is used by the patient lifelong.
If you, your family members or loved ones suffer from one of the disorders mentioned above, you can contract us to regain your health with a personal treatment plan.